Diagnosis and Management of Hypertensive Retinopathy

Authors

  • Maria Devi Medical Faculty, Lampung University
  • Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging Universitas Lampung
  • Rani Himayani Universitas Lampung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v13i4.1.697

Abstract

Hypertension is a global health problem that requires good management. Hypertension is also commonly known as silent killer because it often arises in patients without any symptoms or complaints. There are several factors that affect the prevalence of hypertension such as race, age, obesity, high salt intake, and a history of hypertension in the family. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that in 2019 the prevalence of world hypertension sufferers is 22% of the total world population, and more than four thirds of those with hypertension do not make attempts to control blood pressure that causes hypertension complications. Blood vessels and the retina are highly suggestible structures when a patient suffers from hypertension, one of the target organs of complications of hypertension is the eye, prolonged and uncontrollable hypertension can trigger sclerosis in small blood vessels, the subtle changes in the retinal arteries that are then hardened by hypertension known as hypertensive retinopathy. Most patients with hypertensive retinopathy have no visible symptoms at the beginning, but in some cases the general symptoms often associated with hypertensive retinopathy are those of headaches and eye pain.  A vascularization of the retina as a result of hypertension if untreated, would become retinal hypertension, leading to a serious complication of blindness. The higher the blood pressure of people and the longer hypertension continues to cause greater damage.

Keyword: Hipertension, hypertensive retinopathy, diagnose, management

References

Maulidah K, Neni N, & Maywati S. Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Upaya Pengendalian Hipertensi Pada Lansia Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Cikampek Kabupaten Karawang. J. Kesehat. Komunitas Indones.2022;18:484–494.

Masitah R, & Sulistya. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Pegawai di Pusdiklat Pajak Kemanggisan Jakarta Barat Tahun 2021. J. Kesehat.2023;8:10–15.

Nuraini B. Risk Factors of Hypertension. J Major. 2015;4:10–19.

Sylvestris A. Hipertensi Dan Retinopati Hipertensi. Saintika Med.2017;10:1.

Dziedziak J, Zaleska-Zmijewska A, Szaflik JP, & Cudnoch-Jȩdrzejewska A. Impact of Arterial Hypertension on the Eye: A Review of the Pathogenesis, Diagnostic Methods, and Treatment of Hypertensive Retinopathy. Med. Sci. Monit.2022;28:1–12.

Hanna A, Hendriati H, & Sayuti K. Artikel Penelitian Gambaran Karakteristik Penderita Retinopati Hipertensi Yang. J Kesehatan Andalas.2018;7:258–266.

Andayani G. Retinopati Hipertensi. in Buku Ajar Oftalmologi Edisi 1. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Publishing; 2020.

Modi P, & Arsiwalla T. Hypertensive Retinopathy. StatPearls National Library of Medicine; 2022.

Kanski J. Clinical Ophthalmology: A Systematic Approach 8th Edition; 2016.

Di Marco E, et al. A literature review of hypertensive retinopathy: systemic correlations and new technologies. Eur. Rev. Med. Pharmacol. Sci.2022;26: 6424–6443.

Ilyas S, & Yulianti SR. Ilmu Penyakit Mata. Jakarta : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia;2015.

Downie LE, et al. Hypertensive retinopathy. J. Hypertens.2013; 31: 960–965.

Chopra A, Sharma A, Singh S, & Bahl V. Changing Perspectives in Classifications of Hypertensive Retinopathy. IOSR J. Dent. Med. Sci. 2014;13: 51–54.

Tsukikawa M, & Stacey AW. A review of hypertensive retinopathy and chorioretinopathy. Clin. Optom.2020; 12: 67–73 (2020).

Kim JE, et al. Hypertensive Retinopathy. American Academy of Ophthalmology; 2023.

Yusran, M. Retinopati Diabetik: Tinjauan Kasus Diagnosis dan Tatalaksana. JK Unila. 2017;1:578–582.

Published

2023-06-02

How to Cite

Devi, M., Sangging, P. R. A., & Himayani, R. . (2023). Diagnosis and Management of Hypertensive Retinopathy. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 13(4.1), 174-181. https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v13i4.1.697

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 > >>