Acute Frontal Sinusitis: Literature Review


  • Nengah Yoga university of lampung
  • Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging
  • Rani Himayani



acute sinusitis, complication, frontal sinus


Acute sinusitis is one of the main diagnoses made in outpatient medicine. The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) estimates that 20 million cases of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) occur each year. Human rhinoviruses are involved in 50% of cases, but other viruses may include coronaviruses, influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory synchrony viruses, adenoviruses, and enteroviruses. The incidence of acute frontal sinusitis is typically much lower, being less common than maxillary sinusitis in adults and ethmoid sinusitis in children. AFS is most common in teenage boys and young men. The main predisposing factor for ARS is a previous upper respiratory tract viral infection. Approximately 0.5-2% of upper respiratory viral infections are complicated by acute bacterial infections. The incidence of ARS is higher in the winter months, in humid climates, and in cities with significant air pollution. Although acute frontal sinusitis is largely a self-limited disease, complications from acute frontal sinusitis can have disastrous clinical consequences if not detected promptly. This article aims to find out the latest updates regarding Acute Frontal Sinus. The type of review used in this journal is in the form of a literature review of 40 articles found through the NCBI, PubMed, Google Scholar databases, only 14 articles were selected. The results of this article are to explain the latest updates regarding epidemiology, virology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, management, and risk factors for acute frontal sinus.

Author Biographies

Nengah Yoga, university of lampung



Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging



Rani Himayani




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Fairlie T, Shapiro DJ, Hersh AL, Hicks LA. National trends in visit rates and antibiotic pre-scribing for adults with acute sinusitis. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(19);151

Mattos JL, Woodard CR, Payne SC. Trends in common rhinologic illnesses: analysis of U.S. healthcare surveys 1995–2007. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2011; 1(1);3–12.

Eloy P, Poirrier AL, De Dorlodot C, Van Zele T, Watelet JB, Bertrand B. Actual concepts in rhinosinusitis: a review of clinical presentations, infl ammatory pathways, cytokine profi les, remodeling, and management. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2011;11(2);146–62.

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Kuhn FA. Surgery of the frontal sinus. In: Kennedy DW, Bolger WE, Zinreich SJ, editors. Diseases of the sinuses: Diagnosis and Management. Hamilton, Ontario: BC Decker Inc. 2021.

Lien CF, Weng HH, Chang YC, Lin YC, Wang WH. Computed tomographic analysis of frontal recess anatomy and its effect on the development of frontal sinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2020; 120(12);2521–7.

Rosenfeld RM, Andes D, Bhattacharyya N, Cheung D, Eisenberg S, Ganiats TG, et al. Clinical practice guideline: adult sinusitis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017; 137(3);1–31.

Hwang PH. A 51-year-old woman with acute onset of facial pressure, rhinorrhea, and tooth pain: review of acute rhinosinusitis. JAMA. 2019; 301(17);1798–807.

Chow AW, Benninger MS, Brook I, Brozek JL, Goldstein EJ, Hicks LA, et al. IDSA clinical practice guideline for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54(8);72–112.

Seiden AM, Martin VT. Headache and the frontal sinus. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2021;34(1);227–41.

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How to Cite

Yoga, N., Ayu Sangging, P. R., & Himayani, R. (2023). Acute Frontal Sinusitis: Literature Review. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 13(4.1), 232-236.

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