Allergic Conjungtivitis

Authors

  • Noval Ramadirta University of Lampung
  • Mentari Putri Maharani
  • Rachel Agustin Inggrid Zefanya
  • Yashila Rahimah
  • Rani Himayani
  • Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v13i4.1.716

Keywords:

Allergic conjunctivitis, Eyes, Hypersensitivity

Abstract

Allergic conjunctivitis is a form of ocular disorder associated with hypersensitivity reactions to foreign bodies. Allergic conjunctivitis is often a reaction to topical and systemic medications or cosmetics and animal dander from cats and/or dogs. Allergic conjunctivitis is a consequence of a type 1 allergic reaction. In individuals with hypersensitivity, when the allergen is present in the conjunctiva, this allergen triggers a reaction that causes Th2 cells to produce cytokines that induce the production of immunoglobulin E (IgE) by B cells. Classification of allergic conjunctivitis based on Ocular Allergy from the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) are ocular surface hypersensitivity disorders including ocular allergy or non-allergic ocular hypersensitivity. The diagnosis and management of this disease are related to the clinical manifestations that occur in patients. General management in the form of avoiding allergens and improving eye hygiene must be considered so that chronicity does not occur in the disease and interferes with the patient's quality of life. Some cases of allergic conjunctivitis do not pose a severe health threat. Complications of allergic conjunctivitis are rare, but when they do, they can be serious, including, in severe cases, scarring of the eye. If allergic conjunctivitis develops into infective conjunctivitis, the infection can spread to other body areas, potentially causing severe secondary infections. This article will provide a deeper understanding of allergic conjunctivitis, its diagnosis and management.

Author Biographies

Mentari Putri Maharani

 

 

Rachel Agustin Inggrid Zefanya

 

 

Yashila Rahimah

 

 

Rani Himayani

 

 

Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging

 

 

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Published

2023-05-28

How to Cite

Ramadirta, N., Maharani, M. P., Inggrid Zefanya, R. A., Rahimah, Y. ., Himayani, R. ., & Ayu Sangging, P. R. (2023). Allergic Conjungtivitis. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 13(4.1), 76-81. https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v13i4.1.716

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