The Relationship Between The Perception of Learning Environment and The Learning Approach of The First Year Students Medical Faculty Lampung University


  • Echa Putri Anjani
  • Merry Indah Sari
  • Ety Apriliana



Learning approach, learning environment, learning medicine


The learning environment in medical education cast of physical, non-physical/social context in which students study. The learning environment creates an atmosphere of learning that influences student behaviors and efforts that are visible from the way they choose a learning approach that ultimately affects learning outcomes. The learning approach consists of a deep approach and a surface approach. The study aim to find the relationship between the perception of learning environment and learning approach among first year student at the Medical Faculty Lampung University. This is a cross sectional study with sample of 214 first year medical students. Data were collected using Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) and Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F). There are 87 students (40,7%) have excellent perception to learning environment and 127 students (59,3%) have good perception. There were 202 students (94.4%) using deep approach and 12 students (5.6%) using surface approach. Students have excellent perceptions of the learning environment with an deep approach of 84 students (96.6%) and using a surface approach of 3 students (3.4%). Students who have a good perception of the learning environment with deep approach of 118 students (92.9%) and using the surface approach of 9 students (7.1%). The data was statistically tested using Fisher exact test and p value is 0,368 (>0,05). The result there is no significant relationship between the perception of learning environment and learning approach among first year student at the Medical Faculty Lampung University.


Maknun. Pengendalian lingkungan belajar pada pendidikan tinggi. Jurnal Scientiae Educatia. 2013;2(1):1-7.

Nasution. Sosiologi pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2004.

Fok A, & Watkins D. Does a critical constructivist learning environment encourage a deeper approach to learning?. Asia-Pacific Education Researcher. 2007;16(1):1–10.

Ambrose GA, Spiller D, Li N. Assessment: feedback to promote student learning. The University of Waikato. 2009;4(2):45.

Howie P, Bagnall RG. A Critique of the Deep and Surface Approaches to Learning Model Teaching in Higher. Teaching in Higher Education. 2013; 2(1): 1-12.

Donnison S, Penn-Edwards S. Focusing on first year assessment: Surface or deep approaches to learning?.The International Journal of the First Year in Higher Education. 2012;3(2):9–20.

Serife A. A conceptual analysis on the approaches to learning. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice. 2008; 8(9): 707–720.

Saiful M, Yusoff B. Psychometric properties of the learning approach inventory : a confirmatory factor analysis. Education in Medicine Journal. 2011 3(2): 24-31.

Biggs J, Kember D, Leung DYP. The revised two factor study process questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F). British Journal of Education Psychology. 2001;71(6):133-149.

Kek MAYC, Darmawan IGN, Chen YS. Family, learning environments, learning approaches, and student outcomes in a Malaysian private university. International Education Journal. 2007;8(2):318–336.

Leman MA. Persepsi mahasiswa mengenai lingkungan belajar, motivasi belajar, strategi belajar di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2014.

Leshin CB, J Pallock, CM Reigeluth. Intruction design strategies and tactics englewood cliffs. New Jesey: Educational Technology Publisher. 1992;1(2):45-47.

Lizzio ALF, Wilson K, Simons R. University Students ’ Perceptions of the learning environment and academic outcomes : implications for theory and practice. Studies in Higher Education. 2002;27(1):27-52.

Halimatunnisa, M. Hubungan lingkungan belajar dengan konsentrasi belajar mahasiswa program studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta [Skripsi] Yogyakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, 2017.

Yuliani NF. Hubungan antara lingkungan sosial dengan motivasi belajar santri di pesantren Madinatul Ilmi Islamiyah. Jurnal Spektrum PLS. 2013;1(2):1-15.

Ariwibowo MS. Pengaruh lingkungan belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa PPKn angkatan 2008/2009 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan semester ganjil Tahun Akademik 2010/2011. Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. 2012;1(2):113-122.

Ullah R. Learning environment , approaches to learning and learning preferences: Medical students versus general education students. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2016;66(5):541–544.

Feeley A, Biggerstaff DL, Feeley A, Biggerstaff DL. Exam success at undergraduate and graduate- entry medical schools : is learning style or learning approach more important ? a critical review exploring links between academic success, learning styles, and learning approaches among school-leaver entry (“traditional”) and graduate-entry (“nontraditional”) medical students. Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2015;27(3):237-244.

Fatimah S, Fasikhah SS. Self regulated learning dalam meningkatkan prestasi akademik pada mahasiswa. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan. 2013;2(3):1-5.

Sarigih DG. Hubungan antara skor self-directed learning readiness (SDLR) dan pendekatan belajar mahasiswa tahun pertama Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung [Skripsi]. Lampung: Universitas Lampung, 2016.

Skochelak SE, Stansfield RB, Dunham L, Dekhtyar M, Gruppen LD, Christianson C, et al. Medical student percepstions of the learning environment at the end of the first year: A 28 medical school collaborative. Academic Medicine. 2016;91(9):1257-1262.

Ullah R, Richardson JTE, Ahmad R, Farooq S. Perceptions of the learning environment, learning preferences , and approaches to studying among medical students in Pakistan. Studies in Educational Evaluation. Studies in Educational Evaluation. 2016;50(25):62–70.

Wijayanto R, & Kumara A. Hubungan antara persepsi situasi pembelajaran dengan pendekatan belajar mahasiswa blok muskuloskeletal di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia. 2012;1(3):212–222.

Biggs J, Tang C. Teaching for quality learning at university (3rd ed.) Berkshire UK. Oxford University Press. 2007;22(4):121-140.

Volozhin SI. Learning approaches, personality and concepts of knowledge of first-year students: Mature-age versus school leaver. Studies in Learning, Evaluation, Innovation and Development. 2009;6(1):65-81.

Beyaztas ID, Senemoglu N. Learning approach of successful and factors affecting their learning approaches. Education and Science. 2015;40(179):193-200



How to Cite

Echa Putri Anjani, Merry Indah Sari, & Ety Apriliana. (2020). The Relationship Between The Perception of Learning Environment and The Learning Approach of The First Year Students Medical Faculty Lampung University. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 10(2), 351-358.




Most read articles by the same author(s)