The Impact of Heat Exposure in the Work Environment on Workers’ Health


  • Reinita Aulia Universitas Lampung
  • Diana Mayasari universitas lampung
  • Fitria Saftarina universitas lampung



Heat exposure, Heat-related illness, Prevention, Workers health


Heat exposure occurs when the body absorbs more heat than can be received through the process of thermoregulation. Workers who are exposed to heat or work in a hot environment may be at risk of experiencing heat stress which can adversely affect the worker's health. Heat exposure can cause physiological responses from various organs and cause various health problems. This article aims to discuss the impact of heat exposure in the work environment on the health of workers and preventive strategies that can be done. Heat exposure is a contact between an individual and the environment which can pose a risk of increased body temperature and perceived discomfort. Through the high frequency and intensity of heat waves, exposure to heat can cause physiological responses to various systems, namely the central nervous, musculoskeletal cardiovascular, and integumentary systems which if not properly controlled can lead to pathological conditions. Health problems that can occur are heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat syncope, heat cramp and heat rash. Several steps must be implemented to protect the health of workers from exposure to heat in the work environment so that workers are not at risk of experiencing work-related injuries or illnesses.


Zulhanda D, Lestari M, Andarini D, Novrikasari, Windusari Y, Fujianti P. Gejala Heat Strain pada Pekerja Pembuat Tahu di Kawasan Kamboja Kota Palembang. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2021;20(2):120-127.

Permenaker. Peraturan Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2018 tentang keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Lingkungan Kerja. Jakarta Kemenaker RI. Published online 2018.

Huda LN, Pandiangan KC. Kajian Termal Akibat Paparan Panas dan Perbaikan Lingkungan Kerja. J Tek Ind. 2012;14(2):129-136.

Xiang J, Bi P, Pisaniello D, Hansen A. Health impacts of workplace heat exposure: An epidemiological review. Ind Health. 2014;52(2):91-101.

CDC. Heat Stress. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Bi P, Williams S, Loughnan M, et al. The effects of extreme heat on human mortality and morbidity in Australia: implications for public health. Asia Pac J Public Heal. 2012;23(2):27-36.


CDC. Heat-Related Illness. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A.Grubenhoff J, Ford K, E.Roosevelt G. Heat-Related Illness. Clin Pediatr Emerg Med. 2013;8(1):59-64.

Simpson C, Abelsohn A. Heat-induced illness. C Can Med Assoc J. 2012;184(10):1170.

Kuras ER, Richardson MB, Calkins MM, et al. Opportunities and challenges for personal heat exposure research. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125(8). doi:10.1289/EHP556

Rowlinson S, Yunyanjia A, Li B, Chuanjingju C. Management of climatic heat stress risk in construction: a review of practices, methodologies, and future research. Accid Anal Prev. 2014;66(11):187-198. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.08.011.

Lemke B, Kjellstrom T. Calculating workplace WBGT from meteorological data: a tool for climate change assessment. Ind Heal. 2014;50(4):267-278. doi:10.2486/indhealth.ms1352

Jacklitsch B, Williams J, Musolin K, Cova A, Kim J-H, Turner N. Occupational Exposure to Heat and Hot Environments Revised Criteria 2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; 2016.

Tarwaka. Dasar-Dasar Keselamatan Kerja serta Pencegahan Kecelakaan di Tempat Kerja. In: Harapan Press; 2016.

Kjellstrom T, Gabrysch S, Lemke B, et al. The ‘ Hothaps ’ programme for assessing climate change impacts on occupational health and productivity : an invitation to carry out field studies The ‘ Hothaps ’ programme for assessing climate change impacts on occupational health and productivity : an i. 2009;9716. doi:10.3402/gha.v2i0.2082

Mekjavic IB, Eiken O. Contribution of thermal and nonthermal factors to the regulation of body temperature in humans. J Appl Physiol. 2013;100(6):2065-2072. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01118.2006

Rowell LB. Competition Between Skin and Muscle for Blood Flow During Exercise. Medicine (Baltimore). 2012;21(3):215-221. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-513550-4.50009-5

Taylor N, Groeller H. Physiological Bases of Human Performance During Work and Exercise. 1st ed. Elsevier; 2008.

Parsons K. Human Thermal Environments. 3rd ed. CRC Press; 2014.

Gonzalez-Alonzo J, Eiken O, Mekjavic I. A Critical Core Temperature and the Significance of Absolute Work Rate. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014.

Marg K. Evaporative cooling: heatstress and its effect on worker productivity, quality, and safety. Plant Eng. 2013;37(3):73-74.

Khan AA. Heat related illnesses. Saudi Med J. 2019;40(12):1195-1201. doi:10.15537/smj.2019.12.24727

Hifumi T, Kondo Y, Shimizu K, Miyake Y. Heat stroke. J Intensive Care. 2018;6(1):30-37. doi:10.1186/s40560-018-0298-4

Kenny GP, Wilson TE, Flouris AD, Fujii N. Heat exhaustion. Handb Clin Neurol. 2018;157:505-529. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-64074-1.00031-8

Pandolf K, Burse R, Goldman R. Role of physical fitness in heat acclimatisation, decay and reinduction. Ergonomics. 2014;20(4):399-408. doi:10.1080/00140137708931642

Donoghue AM. Miliaria rubra of the lower limbs in underground miners. 2020;50(6):430-433.

NIOSH. Occupational Exposure to Heat and Hot Environments. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; 2016.

Meesaard N, Nathapindhu G. Prevalence of Heat-Related Symptoms Under Heat Stress Amon Thai Tire Manufacturer Workers. 2022;57(1):408-416.

CDC. Heat Stress Acclimatization. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention2.



How to Cite

Aulia, R., Mayasari, D., & Saftarina, F. . (2023). The Impact of Heat Exposure in the Work Environment on Workers’ Health. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 13(3), 239-246.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>